Sumatran - Page 1&2:
In The Wild | 3:
In Captivity | 4:
Subspecies Description |
5: Weight & Length Figures | 6: Conservation
Captive Sumatran tiger numbers:
Captive Sumatran tigers are found in Indonesian, North American, European, Japanese and Australasian zoos, with the latter area placing their focus almost completely on this subspecies. The entire captive Sumatran population descends from only 37 wild-caught founders.
Currently, one third of all Sumatrans are bred and protected in zoos or captive breeding centres; this is approximately 235 cats, all of these being listed in the international studbook.
Some of the tigers at captive breeding centres were problem cats, threatening people or livestock. The native answer for dangerous tigers is to ask a shaman to charm the responsible cat into a trap; it's a method that can result in the death of innocent tigers.
The more scientific method is to translocate the animals, usually to the main breeding centre located on Java. This presently contains 32 males and 29 females, many of these being animals which would previously have been shot.
Sumatran tiger studbook:
Studbooks are designed to ensure significant genetic diversity remains so as to strengthen captive populations. Using the records kept, pairs are selected for breeding based on genetic history and soundness. It is hoped that this will ensure a stable population and prevent possible extinction.
Captive management of the Sumatran tiger is a huge improvement on the wild situation, which still has a considerable way to go before it becomes effective.
With Thanks To Ralf Schmode (Photo 1)